Costa Rica’s territory is only 51.100km2 long, that represents less than 0.03% of the worlds territory. Although this is a small country, this jewel represents 6% of the worlds biodiversity. The system of National Parks covers a 25.6% of its land area. These areas include beaches, rain forests and dry, active volcanoes, hot springs, caves, river canyons and waterfalls.
The product of millions of years of evolution, presents this country as a spectacle of undomesticated nature. Costa Rica’s environment provides plenty of services to humanity, like wood, seeds, fruits, flowers, and others. On the other hand the environment also provides some benefits to the country, like control of erosion caused by rain and wind, water protection, soil, and others.
One of the reasons Costa Rica has a huge diversity is because more than five million of years ago, a “bridge” was formed between North and South America’s territory. This allows a connection between North and South’s flora and fauna blending its ecosystems, and leaving a paradise as the consequence, with more than 903 different bird species, almost 800 miles of coastline and a lot more to presence.
Another curiosity of Costa Rica, is that it has 3 active volcanos, including Poás and Arenal, this last volcano in particular produces hot springs. Hot springs form when water deep below the Earth’s surface is heated by rocks, and rises to the Earth’s surface. An accepted definition of a hot spring is a naturally occurring spring of water that is hotter than 98 degrees Fahrenheit when it flows from the ground.
Costa Rica takes serous care of its nature and environment, that’s why 25% of its territory is protected and preserved. We can enjoy this paradise without hurting it.